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Dr. Sandra Olney B.Sc (P&OT); M.Ed; PhD
Dr. Sandra  Olney
Professor Emerita
Contact Information


Dr. Olney is a Professor Emeritus and is not accepting graduate students. She is available for advisory committees. Her research has focused on the biomechanics of body movement and its rehabilitation and she has published a widely-used textbook chapter on gait (below). A leading expert in the analysis of normal and abnormal gait, she published the first comprehensive analyses of the kinetics of stroke gait. She has led randomized controlled trials of treatment methods in stroke and completed a study of the effects of strengthening and conditioning programs. Recent investigations included identification of the physical and psychosocial factors contributing to the symptom complex of knee osteoarthritis and the effects of conditioning exercise on this subject group. She is a Certified Executive Coach with special training in leadership, and is available for consultation to faculty, staff and students in this capacity.


Dr. Olney's main teaching has been in Biomechanics and Research Methods at the undergraduate and graduate level.

Book Chapters:

Olney, S.J. (2005). Gait. In Levangie, P., Norkin, C.C., Joint Structure and Function. Chapter 14, pp. 517 - 568. Philadelphia. Davis.

Olney, S.J. (2004). Gait Training after Stroke: A Biomechanical Perspective. In Refshauge, K; Ada, L., Ellis, E., Science-based Rehabilitation: Theories into Practice. Sydney. Elsevier Science.

Olney, S.J., Wright, M. (2000). Neurologic Movement Dysfunction: Cerebral Palsy. In Campbell, S.K., Vander Linden, D.W., Palisano, R.J., Physical Therapy for Children: a Comprehensive Reference for Pediatric Practice. Third Edition, Chapter 20, pp. 533 - 570. Montreal. W.B. Saunders.

Journal Articles in Refereed Journal (selected):

Parvataneni K., Ploeg L., Olney S.J., Brouwer B. (2009). Kinematic, kinetic and metabolic parameters of treadmill versus overground walking in healthy older adults. Clinical Biomechanics. 24(1):95-100.

Maly M.R., Costigan P.A., Olney S.J. (2008). Mechanical factors relate to pain in knee osteoarthritis. Clinical Biomechanics 23 (6), 796-805.

Teixeira-Salmela L.F., Devaraj R., Olney S.J. (2007). Validation of the human activity profile in stroke: a comparison of observed, proxy and self-reported scores. Disability in Rehabilitation. 29 (19), 1518-24.

Parvataneni K, Olney S.J., Brouwer B. (2007) Changes in muscle group work associated with changes in gait speed of persons with stroke. Clinical Biomechanics, 22 (7), 813-20.

Olney S.J., Nymark J., Brouwer B., Culham E., Day A., Heard J., Henderson M, Parvataneni K. (2006). A randomized controlled trial of supervised versus unsupervised exercise programs for ambulatory stroke survivors. Stroke, 37 (2), 476-81.

Brouwer, B., Olney, S.J. (2004). Aging skeletal muscle and the impact of resistance exercise. Physiotherapy Canada, 56 (2), 1-8.

McGinley, J.L., Goldie, P.A., Greenwood, K.M., Olney, S.J. (2003). Accuracy and Reliability of Observational Gait Analysis: Judgements of Push-Off In Gait After Stroke. Physical Therapy, 83 (2), 146-160.

Bateni, H., Olney, S.J. (2002). Kinematic and Kinetic Variations of Below Knee Amputee Gait. Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, 14 (1), 63-70.

Teixeira-Salmela, L.F., Nadeau, S., McBride, I., Olney, S.J. (2001). Effects of muscle strengthening and physical conditioning training of temporal, kinematic and kinetic variables during gait in chronic stroke survivors. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 33 (2), 53-60.

Olney, S.J., Griffin, M.P., McBride, I.D. (1998). Multivariate examination of data from gait analysis of persons with stroke. Physical Therapy (AM), 78 (6), 814-828.

Mulholland, S.J., Packer, T., Laschinger, S.J., Olney, S.J. , Panchal, V. (1998). The mobility needs of women with physical disabilities in India: a functional perspective. Disability in Rehabilitation, 210 (5), 168-178.